The persian empire extended from mesopotamia to india and from the caspian sea to the persian gulf enveloping the present day countries of iraq iran and afghanistan they battled the romans and later the byzantines for control of current syria turkey palestine israel egypt and arabia. The ancient persian empire was a civilization of indo european origin of the indo iranian branch that ended up merging with the people that they conquered in the achaemenid periodit originated as a group of nomadic tribes whose original location was north of the iranian plateau around 1400 bc some of these tribes ancestors of the historical persians moved to the south of iran. The borders of the persian empire ancient persian empire the borders then reached their maximum extension darius conquered to the east all the territories as far as the indus river valley and to the west thrace and macedonia later he tried to subdue the greek cities which provoked the first greco persian war. This article is an extract from the book atlas of empires republished with permissionthis book tells the story of how and why the great empires of history came into being operated and ultimately declined and discusses the future of the empire in todays globalized world
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