The consolidated pby catalina also known as the canso in canadian service is an american flying boat and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by consolidated aircraftit was one of the most widely used seaplanes of world war iicatalinas served with every branch of the united states armed forces and in the air forces and navies of many other nations. The consolidated pby catalina was the most built flying boat of world war ii 3281 were built in the usa and canada and several hundred in the ussrthe soviet version was known as gst mp 7 or km 2 depending on the engines. The pby catalina series of flying boats was originally conceived to meet a military requirement and its development built on consolidateds experience with earlier flying boat designs these earlier types had included the commercial model 16 commodore and the military model 22 ranger p2y series. Flying catalinas the consolidated pby catalina in world war two by andrew hendrie it seems an odd misnomer for an aircraft with all the aerodynamic properties of a brick to be nicknamed cat conjuring images of litheness agility economy of movement. Developed as a naval patrol aircraft the consolidated pby catalina was a widely exported flying boat during world war iiover the course of the conflict it served with a number of different nations in a variety of roles in the royal australian air force pbys and pb2bs a variant built by boeing in canada served as multi role bombers and scouts the type eventually earning great renown
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